Building permits are the way counties, towns and municipalities enforce their building codes. Local governments adopt those codes in order to ensure that all buildings meet minimum safety and structural standards. They update them every few years as new building methods and materials are introduced. Do to the fact that the beauty industry is not a new business most states are familiar with salons opening or remodeling. The town ordinances, safety requirements and materials approved to open or remodel will be listed in your municipalities headquarters.
The process of obtaining a building permits for construction on your new salon, remodeling or expansion, may differ from state to state. Here is a general overview of the process and some suggestions for making the process run smoothly and quickly.
The permitting process is new to you, but the municipalities and building department handling these applications are familiar with their procedures and any questions you may have. While the municipalities adapt each business model they review may be subject to changes from the state, these changes and modifications will be passed onto the inspectors, than to you. So, do expect delays and the approval process can be an arduous task.
Time Required: The entire process from inception to occupancy permit: days to months. It really depends on a few factors, your contractor and the building code inspectors. Timing will be crucial and making sure your paperwork is in proper order will result in a quicker turn around and approval process. Make sure you time the ordering of any new salon equipment with the permitting and build out with all the necessary parties putting your project together. Timing will be essential for a smooth outcome.
1. Determine whether you need a building permit and the type of permit you need. If you are just doing minor repairs and painting/wallpapering/floor coverings for your salon, you will probably not need a permit. For more complex types of construction, you will need a permit. This includes new construction, additions, remodeling, tenant improvements, and changes in use (for example, a change in an office from professional to salon/ retail use).
2. Read all you can about the building codes, zoning restrictions, and related local ordinances for the type of construction you will be doing. Even if you are planning to have a contractor do the work, be sure you know the restrictions and requirements. For example, be aware of setback restrictions (how close to the end of the property a building can be located). You don't want to start construction and find out that your building is too close to the road! Also be aware of height restrictions for buildings, railings, and other structures.